Horses are a curious thing in pre-white central and eastern Washington. It’s commonly known that modern horses were brought to this continent by the Spanish in early to mid 1500s. The Indian population, especially the Comanche people in New Mexico, took to them and almost immediately started breeding the horses for work and trade.
So by the time the first white men tramped their way into central Washington (mid 1800s), horses had already been there for upwards of 200 years.
This shows how far reaching trade was among the Native American peoples. In this case, we can trace the horses back to the Shoshonean tribes in the upper Snake River area in Idaho. They likely got them from the Crow and Blackfoot people in Montana, who obtained them from the Comanche people in New Mexico. By 1700, the Shoshonean people traded them with the Nez Perce, Palouse as well as the Plateau Indians of what would become central Washington.
‘Near the Anger Cold’
Camera: Ansco Color Clipper (1942)
Film: Kodak Ektachrome 400 (x-08/1987)
Near Vantage, Washington